Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Common Pediatric Dermatology Conditions Series: Week 3- Acne

    Acne is a very common skin condition of children and teenagers in which the pores on the face, neck, chest, back, or shoulders become plugged with bacteria, oil and dead skin cells. When this occurs, the plugged pores can begin to look red and inflamed.  Acne in part is caused by a bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes. These particular bacteria thrive in the oily environment of the skin . P. acne produced the redness and inflammation that are the hallmarks of acne lesions. Without treatment, this inflammation can cause scarring.  There are various types of acne including whiteheads, blackheads, and deeper cystic acne.  It is common for children and teenagers to have multiple types of acne at one time.

Acne is best treated early to decrease the risk of scarring. Often, people will try to treat acne with over the counter cleansers, moisturizers, and topicals. If over the counter products are not working on their own, it is time to see a dermatologist who can prescribe other medications.  These can include topical medications, and/or oral medications. A provider can also sometimes make recommendations for alternative or adjunct treatments such as chemical peels, facials, steroid injections, laser, and light therapy that can help with acne and acne scarring. Other factors that can help with acne breakouts are to minimize stress, and high-diary/high-carb diets. Break-outs can also be worsened due to hormones and certain medications. Moisturizing the skin of the face is imperative to help tolerate acne medications, and also reduce oil production. When your skin is overly dry, it will produce more oil and can lead to more inflammation and acne breakouts.

This weeks blog written by guest blogger: Abby Leboza, PA Student from Nova Southeastern 

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